Queen Elizabeth II-Her Top 3 horses. AUREOLE. DUNFERMLINE. PALL MALL

AUREOLE (Time form rating: 132)

Aureole was one of the Queen’s earliest racehorses, since she acquired him as an unraced 2-year-old from her father, King George VI, in 1952. Aureole raced twice at two, placing sixth in the Middle Park Stakes after winning at York. Aureole was one of the best three-year-olds of his generation, but he lost all three classics. He ran fifth in the 2000 Guineas but won the Lingfield Derby Trial days following his owner’s coronation.


In 1957, Carrozza became the first classic winner trained by the Queen, and the following year, Pall Mall gave royal trainer Boyd-Rochfort his first classic triumph, winning the 2000 Guineas. However, at 20/1, Pall Mall was the stable’s second choice after the fan-favorite Bald Eagle.

After winning the New Stakes (now the Norfolk) at Royal Ascot, Pall Mall went on to finish second or third in the July Stakes, the Gimcrack (behind Phil Bull’s Pheidippides), and the Champagne Stakes (beaten by a nose). In his final start as a three-year-old, Pall Mall was defeated by the 2000 Guineas runner-up, Major Portion, in the Sussex Stakes. Prior to his success in the 2000 Guineas, Pall Mall won the Thirsk Classic Trial and the first-ever Lockinge Stakes at Newbury.

Queen Elizabeth II-Her Top 3 horses. AUREOLE. DUNFERMLINE. PALL MALL

                              Pall Wall triumphs in the 2000 Guineas.


The connections of Highclere had another filly, Dunfermline, win the Oaks and the St. Leger in the same year—the Queen’s Silver Jubilee year—just three years after Highclere won a classic. After finishing in the money in all three of her two-year-old races (including the May Hill Stakes and the Fillies’ Mile), Dunfermline finally broke her maiden in the Pretty Polly Stakes at Newmarket, when she defeated Olwyn, the eventual winner of the Irish 1000 Guineas.

By Oaks standards, Dunfermline’s competition at Epsom was relatively weak, so it was her endurance that ultimately proved decisive. The race began with Dunfermline in last place, and after a gruelling effort from jockey Willie Carson, she eventually prevailed by three-quarters of a length over Freeze the Secret in the final stride.

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